The Nizkor Project: Remembering the Holocaust (Shoah)

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   Nazi Conspiracy and Aggression, Volume Two, Chapter XVI
                        WILHELM FRICK
                                                  [Page 653]


Frick's important contribution to the Nazi conspiracy was in
the field of government administration. He was the
administrative brain who organized the German state for
Nazism and who geared the machinery of the state for
aggressive war. It was Frick who transformed the plans and
programs of his fellow conspirators into political action.
He was the manager of the Nazi conspiracy. He was entrusted
with broad discretion, exercised great power, and knew the
criminal purpose of the acts he committed.

The conspiratorial activities of Frick cover a period of 25
years, beginning as early as 1920 (086-PS).

A brief summary of Frick's activities will show how
extensive was his contribution to the Nazi conspiracy. He
took part in Hitler's Munich Beer Hall Putsch of November
1923, and was sentenced for his participation. He helped
Hitler become a German citizen. To maintain the Nazi regime
in the first 2 years of its existence and to achieve some of
its most important immediate purposes, Frick signed 235 laws
and decrees during that period, most of which are published
in the Reichsgesetzblatt.

For the first time in German history a uniform police system
for the whole German Reich was created. Frick was its
creator and its supreme head. He appointed the Gestapo
chief, Heinrich Himmler, Chief of the German Police. Frick
was the highest controlling authority over concentration
camps. He personally inspected these camps. His Ministry of
the Interior made the necessary legal arrangements for
acquiring land for the Auschwitz Concentration Camp. Through
his Medical Division, Frick controlled the Nazi asylums and
so-called medical institu-

                                                  [Page 654]
tions in which forced sterilizations and murders of
thousands of Germans and of foreign laborers were carried
out. The racial legislation, including the Nurnberg Laws,
was drafted by Frick and administered under his
jurisdiction. Frick introduced the Yellow Star as a sign of
stigmatization of the Jews.

In the course of his active participation in the Nazi
conspiracy, Frick occupied a number of important positions.
Among his Nazi Party positions are the following: member of
the Nazi Party from 1925 to 1945; Reich Leader of the Nazi
Party from 1933 to 1945; floor leader of the Nazi Party in
the Reichstag from 1928 to 1945. His governmental positions
were: chief of a division of the Munich Police Department
from 1917 to 10 November  1923, 2 days after Hitler's
Putsch; Nazi Minister of the I Interior and of Education in
the German State of Thuringia from January 1930 to April
1931; Reichsminister of the Interior from 30 January 1933 to
20 August 1943; member of the Reich Defense Council as
General Plenipotentiary for the Administration of the Reich
from 21 May 1935 to 20 August 1943. On 20 August 1943, Frick
was appointed Reich Protector of Bohemia and Moravia, and he
held this last position until 1945. (2978-PS)

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