The Nizkor Project: Remembering the Holocaust (Shoah)

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   Nazi Conspiracy and Aggression, Volume Two, Chapter XIV
                        WILHELM FRICK

                                                  [Page 664]

Frick promoted the program of racial persecution and racism,
involving the wiping out of the Jews, and the killing of the
allegedly insane and others for whom the German war machine
had no further use.

In addition to its many other responsibilities, the vast
administrative empire of Frick controlled the enactment and
administration of racial and eugenic legislation. The
"Manual for German Administrative Officials" (3475-PS) shows
the following additional functions of Frick's Ministry:
Health Administration, Social Hygiene; Heredity and Racial
Welfare; Reich Plenipotentiary for Sanitaria and Nursing
Homes; Board for the Examination of Physicians, Dentists and
Pharmacists; and Reich Committee for Public Hygiene.
Accordingly, Frick was the administrative guardian and
protector of the German race.

                                                  [Page 665]
1) Persecution of Jews. Frick took charge of the legislative
and administrative program through which the Nazi
conspirators sought to wipe out the "non-Aryan" part of the
German population. Here again he drafted, signed, and
administered the basic legislation. Among these
discriminatory enactments were e following: the Reich
Citizens Law of 15 September 1935 deceiving Jews of their
citizenship rights (116-PS); the law for the protection of
German blood and honor, 15 September 1935, prohibiting mixed
marriages (2000-PS); the first ordinance der the Reich
Citizens Law, 14 November 1935, depriving Jews of the right
to vote (1417-PS); the Civil Service Act of 7 April 1933
providing for the elimination of non-Aryan government
workers (1397-PS); the decree of 20 May 1938 introducing
Nurnberg laws in Austria; the decree of 31 May 1941
introducing the Nurnberg laws in the annexed eastern
territories (see 3119-PS).

Extending his program of persecution even to the religious
practices of the Jews, Frick signed the decree which
outlawed ritual

But the activities of Frick's Ministry were not restricted
to commission of such crimes, camouflaged in the form of
legislation. The police field offices, subordinates to
Frick, participated in the organization of such terroristic
activities as the pogrom of 9 November 1938. The pogrom was
organized through a series of secret teletype orders issued
by Heydrich (374-PS; 3051-PS). Afterward Heydrich reported
on the loss of Jewish life and property resulting from the
pogrom (3058-PS).

The pogroms gave the Nazi conspirators occasion to proceed
to the complete elimination of the Jews from economic life
and the confiscation of most of their property (1662-PS;

Three days after this pogrom of 9 November 1938 Frick, his
undersecretary Stuckart, and his subordinates Heydrich and
Daluege, participated in a conference on the Jewish question
under the chairmanship of Goering. At this meeting various
measures were discussed which the individual governmental
departments should initiate against the Jews. Goering's
concluding remark in that conference was:

     "Also the Minister of the Interior and the Police will
     have to think over what measures will have to be
     taken." (1816-PS).

It was, accordingly, Frick's duty to follow up by
administrative action the pogrom organized by Frick's own

Thereafter, Frick signed the Law of 23 July 1938 ordering a

                                                  [Page 666]
special registration for all Jews, in order to establish the
strictest possible control over the Jewish population.

After the outbreak of the war Heydrich issued an order in
Frick's name, compelling all Jews to wear a yellow star in
public (2118-PS).

Among the Ordinances which Frick issued under the Reich
Citizen Law of 15 September 1935, special mention should be
made of the 11th Ordinance of 25 November 1941, which
ordered the confiscation of the property of all deported or
emigrated Jews; and the 13th Ordinance, under which the Jews
were deprived of all legal protection and completely handed
over to the jurisdiction of the police (1422-PS; 3085-PS).

Stuckart, Under-Secretary in the Ministry of Interior,
characterized this legislation as the essential preparation
for the "final solution of the Jewish question" (3131-PS).

(2) Measures against "Inferior Racial Stock." The Public
Health Service was administered as a division of Frick's
Ministry. One of its subdivisions was devoted to race and
heredity problems (13123-PS). In his capacity as chief of
this service Frick drafted the basic law controlling
sterilization of persons afflicted with "hereditary
diseases" (3067-PS). Its administration was in the hands of
his Ministry (D-181; L-305).

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