The Nizkor Project: Remembering the Holocaust (Shoah)

Shofar FTP Archive File: people/i/irving.david/libel.suit/transcripts/day003.13

Archive/File: people/i/irving.david/libel.suit/transcripts/day003.13
Last-Modified: 2000/07/29

   Q.   And the questions which followed it.  You remember -- you
        need not look it up, but it is on page 24, if you want of

.          P-111

        tab 30, internal page 24, not final page 24 -- I drew
        attention towards the bottom of the left-hand column
        the words in quotes as a report of what Bruns had said
        that Altemeyer had said:  "These mass shootings have
        to stop at once".  Do you remember that this morning?
   A.   Yes.
   Q.   And I think your answer was to this effect, that it
        justified anyway but you could not rely on a
transcript of
        an extemporary answer to a question.  I am
        I am not quoting your words directly.
   A.   On this transcript of my extemporary answer?
   Q.   Yes, on this example?
   A.   Yes, that it would be -- yes, continue.
   Q.   Is it right, Mr Irving, that, in fact, before this
        of your words as printed in this way, you went through
        them and approved them?
   A.   Occasionally I did.
   Q.   This particular article?
   A.   I am sure, Mr Rampton, you will be able to refresh my
        memory; if I did, then I did.
   Q.   You have recently told us so in your answers to our
        requests for information.
   A.   I do not want to be specific about this one, and I am
        being clever, but frequently they would send me a
        transcript to read, and sometimes I would proof read
        and send it back and sometimes I would not.

.          P-112

   Q.   You are right to be cautious, Mr Irving, not because I
        setting traps, but because memory is fallible.  You
        on us, that is to say, our side, something called ---
   A.   "Answers to requests for information".
   Q.   "Some answers".
   A.   Yes.
   Q.   Fair enough because there were only some answers, on
        December of last year?
   A.   Yes.
   Q.   And one of the answers was this.  This is No. 13 on
        5, my Lord.  It is tab 9 of the main pleadings bundle,
   MR JUSTICE GRAY:  Yes, I do not think I have it.
   MR RAMPTON:  No, but it does not matter; it is very short.
        very short.  (To the witness):  "In October 1992 I
        at an IHR conference"?
   A.   Is that this one?
   Q.   Yes.  It is the only one I know of in October 1992.
        on previous occasions, I attended my booked table and
        no attention to the other speakers.  Once again
        I corrected the text of my talk before it was
   A.   Very well, yes.
   Q.   Also it is right to say, is it not, that the whole of
        that, including the questions and answers, appears on
        web site?
   A.   The whole of this?

.          P-113

   Q.   Yes.
   A.   No, it is not correct to say that.
   Q.   It is not?
   A.   No, it is not correct.
   Q.   That particular passage does, does it not?
   A.   Will you give me the web site address?
   Q.   Yes, I will.  In fact, I had better you see the hard
   A.   Www.
   Q.   File D2(iii).  It is
        Speech  ----
   A.   Yes.
   Q.   --- 111092 HTML?
   A.   In that case, that is correct, but does this
        passage also appear on that or just the speech?
   Q.   Yes, it does.  I have the page here.  By all means, I
        pass it up.
   MR JUSTICE GRAY:  I think you will take that on trust, I
        suspect, will you not?
   MR RAMPTON:  You can trust me if I say something like that.
   A.   No, the reason I say that is because in some of the
        witness reports things have been said to be on my web
        whereas, in fact, they are just links on my we site
        somewhere else.
   MR JUSTICE GRAY:  Anyway, do not let us take more time on
          I think it is accepted it is on the web site.
   MR RAMPTON:  I think the answer is yes.

.          P-114

   MR JUSTICE GRAY:  Yes, it is.
   MR RAMPTON:  So, first of all, you corrected the transcript
        the talk before ----
   A.   Yes.
   Q.   --- it was published and, secondly, you put the whole
        thing in that form on to the web site?
   A.   Without in any way reviewing it.
   Q.   No, I understand that, but the fact is we can then
take it
        that you have no quibble with the quotation marks
        the words "These mass shootings have to stop at once"?
   A.   Not the kind of thing I would quibble about, I do not
        think, no.
   Q.   Quite, good, I an glad to hear.  There is one more,
        slightly more substantial point that I want to go back
        which I apologise for having missed this morning.  I
        grateful it has been drawn to my attention.  Have you
        your 1977 "Hitler's War" with you there?
   A.   1997?
   Q.   In 1977?
   A.   Yes, I have.
   Q.   I am apt to '97 when I mean 1977, excuse me.
   A.   This is the English edition of it, yes.
   Q.   Yes.  I think the words are probably the same though,
        they not?
   A.   The English and American, yes.
   Q.   Page 332?

.          P-115

   A.   Yes.
   Q.   I am not going to read it again.  We have heard it too
        often.  In the middle of the page, there is the
        dealing with the Berlin Jews, is there not?
   A.   Yes.
   Q.   You have written:  "The fate of Berlin's Jews was
        raised".  So the context of that passage is, at any
        foreshadowed as being Berlin's Jews, is it not?
   A.   The context of the paragraph is the prior
        of the SS for the murders and not Hitler.
   Q.   Sure.
   A.   Yes.
   Q.   But we are talking here in this little bit about a
        discussion about Berlin's Jews between Hitler and
   A.   Yes, in that sentence.
   Q.   Yes.  Then you say in the next sentence:  "At 1.30
        Himmler was obliged to telephone from Hitler's bunker
        Heydrich the explicit order that Jews were not to be
   A.   Yes.
   Q.   Let me ask you this.  You remember what you put in the
   A.   Yes.
   Q.   When you wrote that, did you mean to say that these
        Jews or Berlin's Jews in general were were not to be
        liquidated, or that Hitler had made a general

.          P-116

        against the slaughter or murder of Jews anywhere?
   A.   It is nit-picking.
   Q.   It is not.
   A.   What I am about to say is nit-picking.
   Q.   Oh, I see.
   A.   But there is a period after the word "Judentransport
        Berlin", Jew transport from Berlin.  In other words,
        is a full stop at the end of that and a new line.
        comes the phrase "Keine Liquidierung" as a separate
        phrase.  Operating as we were at that time, 1977,
        in the darkness about this particular -- we now know a
        more, but at that time we were operating totally in
        darkness.  I was going through a jungle of new
        that no other historian had set foot in.  It was
        rational to say, is the "Keiner Liquidierung" a phrase
        which is attached to the line above, or is it a
        subject; just in the same way, if you look, there are
        lines in that facsimile.  The first one is -- I will
        it in English so we have no problem -- arrest of
        Dr Jakelius.  The next line after a period is
        son of Molotoff" or "apparent son of Molotoff".  The
        line is "Jews transport from Berlin", full stop.  The
        line is "No liquidation".
   Q.   Yes.
   A.   I appreciate that in the light of our present
        the fourth line clearly refers to the third line.  Are

.          P-117

        with me, Mr Rampton?
   Q.   I am absolutely with you, Mr Irving.  Carry on.
   A.   But in the state of my knowledge in 1977, when I am
        in darkest jungle of new documents, it was perfectly
        reasonable to accept the fourth line as being as
        from the third line line as were the first and second
        lines from each other and from the rest.
   MR JUSTICE GRAY:  So answer to Mr Rampton's question is
        you were conveying in that passage what you thought
was an
        explicit order relating to Jews generally, not just
   A.   Based solely on the fourth line with Jews being the
        of conversation, my Lord, yes.
   MR RAMPTON:  I am coming back to that.
   A.   That is why the full stop is so important.
   Q.   You say that, but it has this possible effect as well
        which is something evidently you did not even pause to
        think about; it might not have had anything to do with
        Jews at all, might it?
   A.   You are absolutely right.
   Q.   You inflated it on the basis of what one might call a
        speculative inference into a general order against the
        liquidation of Jews in general, did you not?
   A.   I object to the word "inflated".  I said that
        I interpreted that line from the clear evidence that
        previous topic of conversation had been Jews.

.          P-118

   Q.   Berlin's Jews?
   A.   Yes, Jews all the same.  I interpreted the fourth line
        being a reference to "no liquidation".  We now know
        this was, in all probability, a reference purely to
        train load.
   Q.   We do not want to get ahead of ourselves, at least I
        not want to get ahead of myself, Mr Irving, though you
        should not feel sorry for me.
   A.   Right, but please do not forget that full stop in the
   Q.   Of course I do not forget it.  I can see it in the
   A.   We had a lot of discussion about whether the "K" of
        "Keine" was actually a large "K" or a little "k" among
        historians, believe it or not.
   MR JUSTICE GRAY:  If you have a full stop, it does not
   A.   Well, people wondered if that was a full stop or a
        blemish, my Lord.  This is the kind of level to which
   MR RAMPTON:  The fact is, Mr Irving, that full stop or no,
        first line of those two lines concerns Jews from
        as it happens, one transport?
   A.   Well, it concerns Jew transport or transportation from
   Q.   The second line, if it is to be read disjunctively
        the first line, refers to "no liquidation".  No

.          P-119

        liquidation of what?  Businesses, gypsies?
   A.   It would have to be a very perverse mind indeed which
        accepted there was no connection between the fourth
        the third lines, general topic.
   Q.   The natural meaning of those two lines taken together,
        whether you insert the full stop or not, is that there
        to be no liquidation of the Jews from Berlin?
   A.   You say whether you accept the full stop or not; the
        stop is there.
   Q.   No difference.  It might have been a ----
   A.   Pardon?
   Q.   There might have been nothing.  It is a note in a
        handwritten telephone log.
   A.   I agree.  One cannot put it on the gold balance.
   Q.   If you say, Mr Irving, the "liquidieren" refers to
Jews at
        all, then it is most probable, most probable -- I do
        have to deal in certainties, you see, Mr Irving --
that it
        refers to the Jews referred to in the previous line,
is it
   A.   Yes.
   Q.   Yes.  So why, what was the warrant for your inflating
        (and I use that word advisedly because it is an
        objectively regarded) into a prohibition against the
        liquidation of all Jews anywhere?
   A.   I remind you of your previous question; you are saying
        is most likely that it was, and you are talking in the

.          P-120

        present tense, but was it most likely in 1977 when I
        the book or published the book?
   Q.   I am looking at the German as it was written in 1941.
   A.   No, are you asking me was it most probable that the
        line referred to the third line in the 1960s when I
        the book?  The answer to that is it not so likely, it
        not so evident because at that time we did not have
        documents that we do now.
   Q.   Ignore the extraneous material completely, if you
        Mr Irving.
   A.   You cannot when you are writing books.

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