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Shofar FTP Archive File: people/i/irving.david/libel.suit/transcripts/day017.22

Archive/File: people/i/irving.david/libel.suit/transcripts/day017.22
Last-Modified: 2000/07/20

   MR IRVING:  My Lord, I fail to see under what wangle Mr Rampton
        is being allowed to produce this document to put it in? It
        has had no relevance at all of the cross-examination that
        I conducted.
   MR JUSTICE GRAY:  We may not have quite got to it yet.  It is
        certainly relevant on the questioning so far on whether
        Schrecken is properly translated as "public rumour", which
        was one of the points we went through this morning.
   MR IRVING:  A very tiny shoe horn for such a long document, my Lord.
   MR JUSTICE GRAY:  I can promise you I am not going to plough
        through it unless I am shown other bits of it that are
        worth ploughing through.
   MR IRVING:  This document was one of the ones that was put
   MR JUSTICE GRAY:  This is, as I understand it, one that is
        suggested was generated by the request.
   MR IRVING:  I think the witness should be asked if there is

.          P-196

        evidence that this document was one of the ones that
        put to him.
   MR JUSTICE GRAY:  I think that is a fair point.  I think
        question should be asked, whether there is any
        that this particular situation----
   MR RAMPTON:  I am going to come to that.
   MR JUSTICE GRAY:  I think you may have jumped the gun,
        Mr Irving.
   MR RAMPTON:  These documents, taken in conjunction, affect
        three questions, Mr Irving's ----
   MR JUSTICE GRAY:  We have through them.  I remember them.
   MR RAMPTON:  They all arise directly out of cross-
   MR JUSTICE GRAY:  I think that is right.
   MR RAMPTON:  I mentioned, Professor, that you have also got
        there report number 81 about which Mr Irving
        cross-examined you yesterday without producing the
        document.  He has not got it there, but I can tell
        On page 14 it makes similar remarks about the 72, 90
        cent of the people having fled across the Urals?
   A.   This was one that was cited yesterday?
   Q.   It is the day after.  It is 12th September.  We will
        those in later, if we may, my Lord.  Can you turn to
        59 of Longerich, part I?
   MR JUSTICE GRAY:  Mr Rampton, before we leave this, I am
        it that the reference to 70 to 90 per cent of the
        refugees having fled is a reference supporting one of

.          P-197

        Mr Irving's points, which is that that was what
        to quite a lot of the local Jews, namely they went
   MR RAMPTON:  I do not think we dispute that at all.
   MR JUSTICE GRAY:  No.  We are agreed about that.
   MR RAMPTON:  Oh absolutely.  How many Jews do you think
        were in the Ukraine before the Germans got there?
   A.   I do not know, but the total Soviet population of Jews
        probably around 5 million, and of course only the
        of whether one or two million of those were murdered
        really where you get the difference between five and
        million victims of the Holocaust.
   Q.   In your mind, I know this is probably a matter for his
        Lordship than for me, but maybe I can ask this.  In
        mind does it matter whether it is one million or two
   MR JUSTICE GRAY:  I think that is for me, is it not?
   MR RAMPTON:  Well, except in so far as it may impinge on
        question of system, but I think that has been conceded
        I need not pursue that.  Page 59 of part I of
        Dr Longerich, do you have that?
   A.   Yes.
   Q.   Paragraph 16.4.
   A.   Yes.
   Q.   He writes this:  "On 25th October, the year is 41,
        made the following remark at his table talk after he

.          P-198

        once again made mention of his prophecy of 30th
        1939.  'This criminal race has the 2 million dead from
        world war on its conscience, now hundreds of thousand.
        one can say to me we cannot send them into the morass.
        Who then cares about our people?  It is good if the
        we are exterminating Jewry goes before us", and the
        for terror is Schrecken in German.
                  You saw in report No. 80 the words the
        that the Germans shoot to kill all the Jews has
        advantages.  You notice that that comes about a month
        a bit before Hitler's table talk on the 25th.  You
        seen the Muller order of 1st August 1941.  Is it
        legitimate in your mind as an historian to draw any
        inference about Hitler's reception and knowledge of
        reports from that information?
   A.   We could say that there is a certain resonance.  It is
        a direct one, but it is an inference that the
        were getting to him and that the Table Talk might be a
        reflection of having read that.
   Q.   If we are good, cautious historians, we do not need
        to giant conclusions from little inferential sketches
        that, do we?
   A.   We would say that this a possible inference.
   Q.   Yes.  Thank you.  The Barbarossa guidelines are on --
        you have got Dr Longerich's report, can you turn to
        second part of it on page 5 where in paragraph 2 he

.          P-199

        out a part of the guidelines for the conduct of the
        in Russia of 19th May.  That is about a month before
        Barbarossa is actually launched, is it not?
   A.   Yes.
   Q.   He translates it as:  "Bolshevism is the mortal enemy
        the National Socialist German people ... (reading to
        words) ... Germany's struggle.
        2. This struggle demands ruthless, energetic and
        measures against the Bolshevik agitators, guerillas
        saboteurs and Jews as well as the complete removal of
        active and passive resistance".  The German is at
        10 at the bottom of the page and I have two questions
        about this.  Professor Longerich translates the German
         "Those Jews were a separate or disjunctive category
        all the rest of them".  Do you understand?
   A.   Yes.
   Q.   Can you look at the German at the bottom of page 10
        tell me whether you think he is right write about
   A.   That is the way I would translate it too.
   MR JUSTICE GRAY:  How else could you do it?
   MR RAMPTON:  I do not know.
   MR JUSTICE GRAY:  I am not sure ----
   MR RAMPTON:  I do not know.
   MR JUSTICE GRAY:  --- is this a bit of an Aunt Sally?  I
        I am not sure what Mr Irving has made of this.
   MR RAMPTON:  I do not know.  I have not heard what he says

.          P-200

        about this.  I know that he does not ----
   MR JUSTICE GRAY:  Well, it is re-examination.
   MR RAMPTON:  No, this arose in the course of cross-
        this document.
   MR JUSTICE GRAY:  Yes, I know it did, but this point about
        whether Jews are disjunctive as a category.
   MR RAMPTON:  Yes.  Professor Browning said in his
        cross-examination Jews are a separate category.
   MR RAMPTON:  So I wanted to check with him against the
        whether he thought that Longerich had translated it
   MR JUSTICE GRAY:  Yes, I see.
   MR RAMPTON:  He did not have it in front of him at the time
        when he said it, I think, actually.
   A.   Yes, I was doing that from memory and now I am looking
        the document.
   MR RAMPTON:  The second question is this.  Again, this is
        to be a document directed at the Vermacht, not at the
        or anybody else like that or the Gestapo.  Who would
        written it?
   A.   These would have been prepared in the General Staff,
        I think.
   Q.   Somebody underneath Jodl?
   A.   Yes, or even further down but in the Armed Forces,
   Q.   Now, the numbers -- page 38 of your report, please,

.          P-201

        Professor, now -- this is the famous 97,000, I should
        "notorious".  We do not need the German for this.  I
        going to excuse the motor mechanic who is not good at
        German grammar.
                  Page 38:  "Since December 1941, for example,
        97,000 were processed by three trucks in action,
        any defects in the vehicles being encountered".
                  How many trucks did they use during this
        December to June 1942?
   A.   They had two trucks that were there constantly.
        truck came and that is the one that had the accident
        blew up.  So most of time they had two trucks running,
        part of the time a third truck.
   Q.   I am going to use some arithmetic, then I will ask you
        further questions, if may?  I do not know whether 1941
        a leap year or not, but there are from 1st December
'41 to
        1st June 1942, 172 or 173 days.
   A.   Yes.
   Q.   So let us assume it was not a leap year and it is 172.
        you divide 97,000 by 172, that means they are
        564 people a day.  If you divide that by three trucks
        I know this is rough stuff and maybe the trucks did
        have equal capacities -- that means roughly 188 people
        truck per day.  If they did, say, four trips a day,
        would be 47 people per trip and that would mean --
        I say "a day" I mean on a 24-hour basis?

.          P-202

   A.   Yes.
   Q.   That would mean there would be six hours, roughly
        speaking, five and a bit, between each trip.  Does
        seem feasible?
   A.   We know the Saurer truck was much bigger than 40.  We
        not know the size ----
   Q.   What do you think its capacity was?
   A.   The Saurer truck was, depending on, you know, women
        children or adults, would be between 50 and 80.
   Q.   Right.
   A.   But, in general, you know, I mean, I think as they
        that the number per day is not beyond the capacity of
        two and three trucks.
   Q.   Right.  So four trips a day, that would actually cover
        numbers involved, would it not?
   A.   Yes, we know in Semlin when they made -- they could do
        trips a day and that would be all the way across
        to a burial site that was much further away than the
        distance between the burial grounds and the Chelmno
   Q.   I mean, how long does it take to drive 20 kilometres
        one of these trucks?
   A.   We are talking about driving about two or three
        from the camp.
   Q.   Two or three?  That is a matter of minutes?
   A.   Yes.  The longer period would be the period to gas.

.          P-203

        is why the motors had to run inside the camp before
        left or the passengers would not be dead when they
   Q.   From start to finish of the operation, what is your
        estimate of how long it would have taken?
   A.   Well, would you have to let the desired number of
        into the basement of the main building where they
would be
        undressed, force them up ramp into the truck, close
        truck doors, run the motor for probably 20 minutes,
        then drive, given the issue of undressing and the
        on the generous side, we would say an hour, and then
        must empty the van and clean it out and drive back.
   MR IRVING:  My Lord, this is purely speculative.  He is not
        expert on gassing operating ----
   MR JUSTICE GRAY:  No, Mr irving, you must understand if you
        almost identical questions in cross-examination,
        Mr Rampton must be entitled to ask the same sort of
        questions in re-examination.
   MR IRVING:  Well, I was objecting really to the question
        was asked about how long would it take to gas them
   MR JUSTICE GRAY:  But you went into the arithmetic, Mr
        That opens the issue for Mr Rampton.  I am afraid you
        to take that as being the rule.
   MR IRVING:  Well, I asked a slightly vaguer question.  He
        a specific expert question.
   MR JUSTICE GRAY:  Again that is legitimate, I am afraid.

.          P-204

   A.   I would say this is not speculation in the sense that
        I have read through virtually all the testimony of the
        Chelmno trial and have seen a number of descriptions
        the operations, so to call what I have said
        would be unfair characterization.
   MR JUSTICE GRAY:  Well, it is speculation in the sense it
   A.   Correct.
   MR RAMPTON:  Yes, reconstruction.  My real question is this.
        Those sorts of rates, whether it is two or three trucks in
        operation at any one time, whether it is 40 or 50 people
        in the truck at a time, whether there are three or four or
        five trips a day for each truck, does the figure of 97,000
        seem to you to be credible?
   A.   It is entirely credible.

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