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From Tue Jul 25 09:07:55 PDT 1995
Article: 24196 of alt.revisionism
From: (Greg Raven)
Newsgroups: alt.revisionism
Subject: The Liberation of the Camps
Date: 23 Jul 1995 05:01:20 GMT
Organization: Institute for Historical Review
Lines: 424

The "Liberation of the Camps": FACTS vs. LIES

By Theodore J. O'Keefe

Nothing has been more effective in establishing the authenticity of the
Holocaust in the minds of Americans than the terrible scenes U.S. GIs
discovered when they entered the German concentration camps at the close
of World War II.

At Dachau, Buchenwald, Dora, Mauthausen, and other work and detention
camps, horrified American infantrymen encountered heaps of dead and dying
inmates, emaciated and diseased. Survivors told them hair-raising stories
of torture and slaughter, and backed up their claims by showing the GI's
crematory ovens, alleged gas chambers, supposed implements of torture,
even shrunken heads and lampshades, gloves, and handbags purportedly made
>from  skin flayed from dead inmates.

U.S. government authorities, mindful that most Americans, who remembered
the atrocity stories fed them during World War I, still doubted the Allied
propaganda directed against the Hitler regime, resolved to "document" what
the GI's had found in the camps. Prominent newsmen and politicians were
flown in to see the harrowing evidence, while the U.S. Army Signal Corps
filmed and photographed the scenes for posterity. The famous journalist
Edward R. Murrow reported, in tones of horror, but no longer of disbelief,
what he had been told and shown, and Dachau and Buchenwald were branded on
the hearts and minds of the American populace as names of infamy unmatched
in the sad and bloody history of this planet.

For Americans, what was "discovered" at the camps -- the dead and the
diseased, the terrible stories of the inmates, all the props of torture
and terror -- became the basis not simply of a transitory propaganda
campaign but of the conviction that yes, it was true: the Germans did
exterminate six million Jews, most of them in lethal gas chambers. What
the GI's found was used, by way of films which were mandatory viewing for
the vanquished populace of Germany, to "re-educate" the German people by
destroying their national pride and their will to a united, independent
national state, imposing in their place overwhelming feelings of
collective guilt and political impotence. And when the testimony, and the
verdict, at Nuremberg incorporated most, if not all, of the horror stories
Americans were told about Dachau, Buchenwald, and other places captured by
the U.S. Army, the Holocaust could pass for one of the most documented,
one of the most authenticated, one of the most proven historical episodes
in the human record.

A Different Reality

But it is known today that, very soon after the liberation of the camps,
American authorities were aware that the real story of the camps was quite
different from the one in which they were coaching military public
information officers, government spokesmen, politicians, journalists, and
other mouthpieces.

When American and British forces overran western and central Germany in
the spring of 1945, they were followed by troops charged with discovering
and securing any evidence of German war crimes. Among them was Dr. Charles
Larson, one of America's leading forensic pathologists, who was assigned
to the Judge Advocate General's Department. Dr. Larson performed autopsies
at Dachau and some twenty other German camps, examining on some days more
than 100 corpses. After his grim work at Dachau, he was questioned for
three days by U.S. Army prosecutors. (note 1)

Dr. Larson's findings? According to an interview he gave to an American
journalist in 1980, "What we've heard is that six million Jews were
exterminated. Part of that is a hoax." (note 2) And what part was the
hoax? Dr. Larson, who told his biographer that to his knowledge he "was
the only forensic pathologist on duty in the entire European Theater,"
(note 3) informed Wichita Eagle reporter Jan Floerchinger that "never was
a case of poison gas uncovered." (note 4) Neither Dr. Larson nor any other
forensic specialist has ever been cited by any Holocaust historian to
substantiate a single case of death by poison gas, whether Zyklon-B or any
other variety.

Typhus, Not Poison Gas

If not by gassing, how did the unfortunate victims at Dachau, Buchenwald,
and Bergen- Belsen perish? Were they tortured to death? Deliberately
starved? The answers to these questions are known as well. As Dr. Larson
and other Allied medical men discovered, the chief cause of death at
Dachau, Belsen, and the other camps was disease, above all typhus, an old
and terrible scourge of mankind which until recently flourished in places
where populations were crowded together in circumstances where public
health measures were unknown or had broken down. Such was the case in the
overcrowded internment camps in Germany at war's end, where, despite such
measures as systematic delousing, quarantine of the sick, and cremation of
the dead, the virtual collapse of Germany's food, transport, and public
health systems led to catastrophe.

Perhaps the most authoritative statement of the facts as to typhus and
mortality in the camps has been made by Dr. John E. Gordon, M.D., Ph.D., a
professor of preventive medicine and epidemiology at the Harvard
University School of Public Health, who was with U.S. forces in Germany in
1945. Dr. Gordon reported in 1948 that "The outbreaks in concentration
camps and prisons made up the great bulk of typhus infection encountered
in Germany." Dr. Gordon summarized the causes for the outbreaks as

Germany was in chaos. The destruction of whole cities and the path left by
advancing armies produced a disruption of living conditions contributing
to the spread of the disease. Sanitation was low grade, public utilities
were seriously disrupted, food supply and food distribution was poor,
housing was inadequate and order and discipline were everywhere lacking.
Still more important, a shifting of populations was occurring such as few
countries and few times have experienced. (note 5)

Dr. Gordon's findings are corroborated by Dr. Russell Barton, today a
psychiatrist of international repute, who entered Bergen-Belsen with
British forces as a young medical student in 1945. Barton, who volunteered
to care for the diseased survivors, testified under sworn oath in a
Toronto courtroom in 1985 that "Thousands of prisoners who died at the
Bergen-Belsen concentration camp during World War II weren't deliberately
starved to death but died from a rash of diseases." (note 6) Dr. Barton
further testified that on entering the camp he had credited stories of
deliberate starvations but had decided such stories were untrue after
inspecting the wellequipped kitchens and the meticulously maintained
ledgers, dating back to 1942, of food cooked and dispensed each day.
Despite noisily publicized claims and widespread popular notions to the
contrary, no researcher has been able to document a German policy of
extermination through starvation in the German camps.

No Lampshades, No Handbags, Etc.

What of the ghoulish stories of concentration camp inmates skinned for
their tattoos, flayed to make lampshades and handbags, or other artifacts?
What of the innumerable "torture racks," "meathooks," whipping posts,
gallows, and other tools of torment and death that are reported to have
abounded at every German camp? These allegations, and even more grotesque
ones profferred by Soviet prosecutors, found their way into the record at

The lampshade and tattooed-skin charges were made against Ilse Koch,
dubbed by journalists the "Bitch of Buchenwald," who was reported to have
furnished her house with objects manufactured from the tanned hides of
luckless inmates. But General Lucius Clay, military governor of the U.S.
zone of occupied Germany, who reviewed her case in 1948, told his
superiors in Washington: "There is no convincing evidence that she [Ilse
Koch] selected inmates for extermination in order to secure tattooed skins
or that she possessed any articles made of human skin." (note 7) In an
interview General Clay gave years later, he stated about the material for
the infamous lampshades: "Well, it turned out actually that is was goat
flesh. But at the trial it was still human flesh. It was almost impossible
for her to have gotten a fair trial." (note 8) Ilse Koch hanged herself in
a West German jail in 1967.

It would be tedious to itemize and refute the thousands of bizarre claims
as to Nazi atrocities. That there were instances of German cruelty,
however, is clear from the testimony of Dr. Konrad Morgen, a legal
investigator attached to the Reich Criminal Police, whose statements on
the witness stand at Nuremberg have never been challenged by believers in
the Jewish Holocaust. Dr. Morgen informed the court that he had been given
full authority by Heinrich Himmler, commander of Hitler's SS and the dread
Gestapo, to enter any German concentration camp and investigate instances
of cruelty and corruption on the part of the camp staffs. According to Dr.
Morgen's sworn testimony at Nuremberg, he investigated 800 such cases, in
which over 200 convictions resulted. (note 9) Punishments included the
death penalty for the worst offenders, including Hermann Florstedt,
commandant of Lublin (Majdanek), and Karl Koch, Ilse's husband, commandant
of Buchenwald.

In reality, while camp commandants in certain cases did inflict physical
punishment, such acts had to be approved by authorities in Berlin, and it
was required that a camp physician first certify the good health of the
prisoner to be disciplined, and then be on hand at the actual beating.
(note 10) After all, the camps were throughout most of the war important
centers of industrial activity. The good health and morale of the
prisoners was critical to the German war effort, as is evidenced by a 1942
order issued by SS-Brigadefuehrer Richard Gluecks, chief of the office
which controlled the concentration camps, which held camp commanders
"personally responsible for exhausting every possibility to preserve the
physical strength of the detainees." (note 11)

Concentration Camp Survivors Merely Victims?

U.S. Army investigators, working at Buchenwald and other camps, quickly
ascertained what was common knowledge among veteran inmates: that the
worst offenders, the cruelest denizens of the camps were not the guards
but the prisoners themselves. Common criminals of the same stripe as those
who populate U.S. prisons today committed many villainies, particularly
when they held positions of authority, and fanatical Communists, highly
organized to combat their many political enemies among the inmates,
eliminated their foes with Stalinist ruthlessness.

Two U.S. Army investigators at Buchenwald, Egon W. Fleck and Edward A.
Tenenbaum, carefully investigated circumstances in the camp before its
liberation. In a detailed report submitted to their superiors, they
revealed, in the words of Alfred Toombs, their commander, who wrote a
preface to the report, "how the prisoners themselves organized a deadly
terror within the Nazi terror." (note 12)

Fleck and Tenenbaum described the power exercised by criminals and
Communists as follows:

...The trusties, who in time became almost exclusively Communist Germans,
had the power of life and death over all other inmates. They could
sentence a man or a group to almost certain death ... The Communist
trusties were directly responsible for a large part of the brutalities at

Colonel Donald B. Robinson, chief historian of the American military
government in Germany, summarized the Fleck-Tenenbaum report in an article
which appeared in The American Mercury shortly after the war. Colonel
Robinson wrote succinctly of the American investigators' findings: "It
appeared that the prisoners who agreed with the Communists ate; those who
didn't starved to death." (note 13)

Additional corroboration of inmate brutality has been provided by Ellis E.
Spackman, who, as Chief of Counter-Intelligence Arrests and Detentions for
the Seventh U.S. Army, was involved in the liberation of Dachau. Spackman,
later a professor of history at San Bernardino Valley College in
California, wrote in 1966 that at Dachau "the prisoners were the actual
instruments that inflicted the barbarities on their fellow prisoners."
(note 14)

"Gas Chambers"

On December 9, 1944 Col. Paul Kirk and Lt. Col. Edward J. Gully inspected
the German concentration camp at Natzweiler in Alsace. They reported their
findings to their superiors at the headquarters of the U.S. 6th Army
Group, which subsequently forwarded Kirk and Gully's report to the War
Crimes Division. While, significantly, the full text of their report has
never been published, it has been revealed, by an author supportive of
Holocaust claims, that the two investigators were careful to characterize
equipment exhibited to them by French informants as a "so-called lethal
gas chamber," and claim it was "allegedly used as a lethal gas chamber".
(note 15)

Both the careful phraseology of the Natzweiler report, and its effective
suppression, stand in stark contrast to the credulity, the confusion, and
the blaring publicity which accompanied official reports of alleged gas
chambers at Dachau. At first, a U.S. Army photo depicting a GI gazing
mournfully at a steel door marked with a skull and crossbones and the
German words for: "Caution! Gas! Mortal danger! Don't open!" was
identified as showing the murder weapon. Later, however, it was evidently
decided that the apparatus in question was merely a standard delousing
chamber for clothing, and another alleged gas chamber, this one cunningly
disguised as a shower room, was exhibited to American congressmen and
journalists as the site where thousands breathed their last. While there
exist numerous reports in the press as to the operation of this second
"gas chamber," no official report by trained Army investigators has yet
surfaced to reconcile such problems as the function of the shower heads:
Were they "dummies," or did lethal cyanide gas stream through them? (Each
theory has appreciable support in journalistic and historiographical

As with Dachau, so with Buchenwald, Bergen- Belsen, and the other camps
captured by the Allies. There was no end of propaganda about "gas
chambers," "gas ovens," and the like, but so far not a single detailed
description of the murder weapon and its function, not a single report of
the kind that is mandatory for the successful prosecution of any assault
or murder case in America at that time and today, has come to light.

Furthermore, a number of Holocaust authorities have now publicly decreed
that there were no gassings, no extermination camps in Germany after all!
All these things, we are told, were located in what is now Poland, in
areas captured by the Soviet Red Army and off-limits to Western
investigators. In 1960 Dr. Martin Broszat, who is now director of the
Munich-based Institute for Contemporary History, which is funded by the
West German government to support the Holocaust story, wrote a letter to
the German weekly Die Zeit in which he stated categorically: "Neither in
Dachau nor in Bergen-Belsen nor in Buchenwald were Jews or other prisoners
gassed." (note 16) Professional Nazi-hunter Simon Wiesenthal wrote in 1975
that "there were no extermination camps on German soil." (note 17) And
Dachau "gas chamber" No. 2, which was once presented to a stunned and
grieving world as a weapon which claimed hundreds of thousands of lives,
is now described in the brochure issued to tourists at the modern Dachau
"memorial site" in these words: "This gas chamber, camouflaged as a shower
room, was not used." (note 18)

The Propaganda Intensifies

More than forty years after American troops entered Dachau, Buchenwald,
and the other German camps, and trained American investigators established
the facts as to what had gone on in them, the government in Washington,
the entertainment media in Hollywood, and the print media in New York
continue to churn out millions of words and images annually on the horrors
of the camps and the infamy of the Holocaust. Despite the fact that, with
the exception of the defeated Confederacy, no enemy of America has ever so
suffered so complete and devastating defeat as did Germany in 1945, the
mass media and the politicians and bureaucrats behave as if Hitler, his
troops, and his concentration camps continue to exist in an eternal
present, and our opinion makers continue to distort, through ignorance or
malice, the facts about the camps.

Time for the Truth

It is time that the government and the professional historians revealed
the facts about Dachau, Buchenwald, and the other camps. It is time that
they let the American public know how the inmates died, and how they
didn't die. It is time that the claims as to mass murder by gassing were
clarified and investigated in the same manner as any other claims of
murder are dealt with. It is time that the free ride certain groups have
enjoyed as the result of unchallenged Holocaust claims be terminated, just
as it is time that other groups, including Germans, eastern Europeans, the
Roman Catholic hierarchy, and the wartime leadership of America and
Britain stop being scapegoated, either for their alleged role in the
Holocaust or their supposed failure to stop it.

Above all, it is time that the citizens of this great democratic Republic
have the facts about the camps, facts which they possess a right to know,
a right that is fundamental to the exercise of their authority and their
will in the governance of their country. As citizens and as taxpayers,
Americans of all ethnic backgrounds, of all faiths, have a basic right and
an overriding interest in determining the facts of incidents which are
deemed by those in positions of power to be determinative in America's
foreign policy, in its educational policy, in its selection of past events
to be memorialized in our civic life. The alleged facts of the Holocaust
are today at issue all over the civilized world: in Germany, in France, in
Italy, in Britain, in the Low Countries and Scandinavia, in Japan, across
our border in Canada and in the United States of America itself. The truth
will be decided only by recourse to the facts, in the public forum: not by
concealing the facts, denying the truth, stonewalling reality. The truth
will out, and it is time the government of this country, and governments
and international bodies throughout the world, made public and patent the
evidence of what actually transpired in the German concentration camps in
the years 1933-1945, so that we may put paid to the lies, without fear or
favor, and carry out the work of reconciliation and renewal that is and
must be the granite foundation of mutual tolerance between peoples and of
a peace based on justice, rather than on guns, barbed wire, prisons, and


1. Crime Doctor, a biography of Larson by John D. McCallum, Mercer,
Washington & Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, 1979, p. 69.

2. Wichita Eagle, April 1, 1980, p. 4C.

3. Crime Doctor, p. 46.

4. Wichita Eagle, April 1, 1980, 4G.

5. John E. Gordon, "Louse-Borne Typhus Fever in the European Theater of
Operations, U.S. Army, 1945," in Forest Ray Moulton, Ed., Rickettsial
Diseases of Man, Am. Acad. for the Advancement of Science, Washington D.C.

6. Toronto Star, February 8, 1985, p. A2.

7. New York Times, 24 September 1948, p. 3.

8. Interview with Lucius Clay, Official Proceeding of the George C.
Marshall Research Foundation, cited in "Buchenwald: Legend and Reality,"
Mark Weber, The Journal of Historical Review, Vol. 7, no. 4.

9. International Military Tribunal, Vol. XVII, p. 556; IMT, Vol. XX, pp.
489, 438.

10. Cited in The Theory and Practice of Hell, Eugen Kogon, Berkley Books,
New York, pp. 108-109.

11. Nuremberg document NO-1523.

12. Buchenwald: A Preliminary Report, Egon W. Fleck and Edward A.
Tenenbaum, U.S. Army, 12th Army Group, 24 April 1945. National Archives,
Record Group 331, SHAEF, G-5, 17.11, Jacket 10, Box 151

13. "Communist Atrocities at Buchenwald," Donald B. Robinson, in American
Mercury, October 1946.

14. San Bernardino Sun-Telegram, March 13, 1966 (cited in The Man Who
Invented "Genocide," James J. Martin, Institute for Historical Review,
IHR, 1984, pp. 110-111.

15. "Concentration Camp at Natzwiller [sic]," RG 331, Records of Allied
Operations and Occupation, Army Headquarters WW2, SHAEF/G-5/2717, Modern
Military, National Archives, Washington, D.C., cited in Robert H. Abzug,
Inside the Vicious Heart, Oxford University Press, New York, 1985, p. 10,
p. 181.

16. Die Zeit, Hamburg, Germany, August 26, 1960.

17. Books & Bookmen, April 1975, Vol. 7, p. 5.

18. Leaflet, Memorial Site Concentration Camp Dachau, The International
Dachau-Committee, Dachau, Germany, n.d.

The conclusions of the early U.S. Army investigations as to the truth
about the wartime German concentration camps have since been corroborated
by all subsequent investigators and can be summarized:

1. The harrowing scenes of dead and dying inmates were not the result of a
German policy of "extermination," but rather the result of epidemics of
typhus and other disease brought about largely by the effects of Allied
aerial attacks.

2. Stories of Nazi supercriminals and sadists who turned Jews and others
into handbags and lampshades for their private profit or amusement were
sick lies or diseased fantasies; indeed, the German authorities
consistently punished corruption and cruelty on the part of camp
commanders and guards.

3. On the other hand, the representations of the newly liberated inmates
to have been saints and martyrs of Hitlerism were quite often very far
>from  the truth; indeed, most of the brutalities inflicted on camp
detainees were the work of their fellow prisoners, in contravention of
German policy and German orders.

4. The alleged homicidal showers and gas chambers had been used either for
bathing camp inmates or delousing their clothes; the claim that they had
been used to murder Jews or other human beings is a contemptible
fabrication. Orthodox, Establishment historians and professional
"Natzi-hunters" have quietly dropped claims that inmates were gassed at
Dachau, Buchenwald, and other camps in Germany. They continue, however, to
keep silent regarding the lies about Dachau and Buchenwald, as well as to
evade an open discussion of the evidence for homicidal gassing at
Auschwitz and the other camps captured by the Soviets.

The IHR publishes numerous revisionist books, tapes and other materials,
as well as the bimonthly Journal of Historical Review. Send $2 for a
packet of literature and full listing of books. Or, orde copies of this
leaflet, postpaid, at the following prices:

10 copies: $2.00 -- 50 copies: $5.00
100 copies or more 8 cents each

Post Office Box 2739
Newport Beach, California 92659, U.S.A.

Greg Raven (
Or, come visit my home page at
The Institute for Historical Review can be reached at:
P.O. Box 241556, Newport Beach, CA 92659

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