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Krema II, January 1943
The Crematoria

"Krematorium II functioned as a homicidal gas chamber and incineration installation from 15th March 1943, before its officially coming into service on 31st March, to 27th November, 1944, annihilating a total of approximately 400,000 people, most of them Jewish women, children and old men.

"Krematorium III was used in similar fashion from 25th June 1943 to 27th November 1944, killing about 350,000 victims.

"Thus approximately three-quarters of the Jewish victims of KL Auschwitz-Birkenau were gassed and reduced to ashes in these two buildings." (Pressac, Jean Claude. Auschwitz: Technique and Operation of the Gas Chambers. The Beate Klarsfeld Foundation, NY: 1989. Pg. 183)

Burning Pits

Construction Documents

Crematoria and the Cremation Process

Dismantling & Destruction of the Crematoria


Gas Chambers


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