KZ GUSEN MEMORIAL COMMITTEE
within ARBEITSKREIS FUER HEIMAT-, DENKMAL- UND GESCHICHTSPFLEGE (AHDG)
and Local-International Platform ST. GEORGEN/GUSEN, Austria
KZ Mauthausen-GUSEN Info-Pages
KZ Gusen III
Concentration Camp at Lungitz
This camp was established near the brick production-plant at Lungitz
(some 4 km north of Gusen) with Summer 1943.
Nevertheless it was December 16, 1944
that this camp was administered officially as a satellite of
KZ Gusen II (BERGKRISTALL).
Prior to 1943, KZ Gusen inmates were already used as work-force in the brick production-plant.
But when this plant became closed in 1943, nearly all of the plant was used to store aircraft parts.
The brick production-plantīs storage facilities stored Me-262 jet-planes parts that were assembled serially
at the KZ Gusen II (BERGKRISTALL/ESCHE 2) underground installation
Furthermore, the railway-station near the KZ Gusen III (Lungitz) was
used to direct railway-wagons that brought Me-262 parts
from all around the Third Reich into the BERGKRISTALL underground plant at
In February 1945, a "bakery" was set into operation to make
bread for some 40,000 inmates of the KZ Mauthausen-Gusen I, II & III
system of camps (in those days the KZ Gusen I, II & III camps with some 25,000 had double
the number of inmates than the Mauthausen central camp with some 12,000 at that time).
KZ Gusen III Camp was the first camp in the Mauthausen-Gusen
system to be liberated on May 5, 1945 by S/Sgt. Al Kosiek and 23 men of the 41st Recon Squad,
11th Ard Div, 3rd US Army.
- Reichl Leo, Zeitgeschichtlicher Bericht ueber das KZ-Lager
Gusen III und dem Beginn des Aufbaues der Grossbaeckerei Lungitz
und den Abbruch bzw. das Verschwinden dieser Anlagen von 1943-1955, Lungitz 1997
- Hans Marsalek, "GUSEN - Vorraum zur Hoelle"
- For more literature look to Further Reading
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Most recent updates of this page were made on
000303 by Rudolf A. HAUNSCHMIED,
Martha Gammer, Siegi Witzany-Durda and
Jan-Ruth White with her students in US-Alabama