The Nizkor Project: Remembering the Holocaust (Shoah)

Twenty-First Day: Monday, 17th December, 1945
(Part 6 of 16)

COLONEL STOREY: To prove that the Reichsleiter of the Leadership Corps included the most powerful coalition of political overlords in Nazi Germany, it is necessary only to put in evidence their names. The list of Reichsleiter now to be offered in evidence will include the following defendants now on trial before this Tribunal:--
Rosenberg, von Schirach, Frick, Bormann, Hans Frank, and the late defendant Robert Ley.
The evidence to be introduced will show that the defendant Rosenberg was the leader of an organisation named for him, the "Einsatzstab Rosenberg" -- which is not shown on this chart, if Your Honour pleases -- which carried out a vast programme of looting and plunder of art treasures throughout occupied Europe.

The evidence will further show that, as representative of the Fuehrer for the supervision of Nazi ideology and schooling, Rosenberg participated in an aggressive campaign to undermine the Christian churches and to supersede Christianity by a German National Church founded upon a combination of irrationality, pseudo-scientific theories, mysticism, and the discredited cult of the racial State. It will further be shown that the late defendant Ley, acting as the agent of Hitler and the Leadership Corps, directed the Nazi assault upon the independent labor unions of Germany, and that before destroying himself he first destroyed the bastion of republican society, a free and independent labor movement, replacing it by a Nazi organisation, the

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German Labor Front, or the D.A.F., and employed this organisation as a means of exploiting the German labor force in the interests of the conspiracy, and of instilling Nazi ideology among the ranks of the German workers.

It will be shown that the defendant Frick participated in the enactment of many laws which were designed to promote the conspiracy in its several phases.

The defendant Frick shares responsibility for the grave injury done by the officials of the Leadership Corps to the concept of the rule of law by virtue of his efforts to give the color of law and formal legality to a large volume of Nazi legislation which violated the rights of humanity, such as the Nazi discriminatory legislation designed to degrade, stigmatise, and eliminate the Jewish people of Germany and German occupied Europe.

Though the defendant Bormann is physically absent from the dock, the evidence as to his responsibility in directing and furthering the course of the Nazi conspiracy is here and expands with the record in this case. As Chief of the Party Chancellery, immediately under Hitler, the defendant Bormann was an extremely important force in directing the activities of the Leadership Corps. As will be shown, a decree of 16th January, 1942, provided that the participation of the Party in all important legislation, governmental appointments, and promotions had to be undertaken exclusively by Bormann. He took part in the preparation of all laws and decrees issued by the Reich authorities and gave his assent to those of the subordinate governments.

I now refer to Document 2473-PS, Exhibit USA 324. You will find that the English translation contains a list of the Reichsleiter of the N.S.D.A.P. set forth on Page 170 of this book. It was edited by the late defendant and Reichsleiter for Party Organisation, Robert Ley.

The names of the 15 Reichsleiter in office in 1943 will be found on Pages 1 and 2 of Document 2473-PS.

If the Tribunal please, I will not read all of them, but will call attention only to certain of them, as follows:

Martin Bormann, Chief of the Party Chancellery.

Then we pass over to Wilhelm Frick, Leader of the National Socialist fraction in the Reichstag, shown on the big chart over at the second box from the end on the right.

Joseph Goebbels, Reich Propaganda Leader of the N.S.D.A.P., shown also on the same level.

Heinrich Himmler, Reich Leader of the S.S., the Deputy of the N.S.D.A.P. for all questions of Germandom.

Robert Ley, Reich Organisation Leader of the N.S.D.A.P. and Leader of the German Labor Front.

Victor Lutze, Chief of Staff of the SA.

Alfred Rosenberg, representative of the Fuehrer for the supervision of all mental and ideological training and education of the N.S.D.A.P.

Baldur von Schirach, Reich Leader for the education of the youth of the National Socialist Party.

And then, finally, Franz Schwarz, Reich Treasurer of the National Socialist Party.

The principal functions of the Reichsleiter, which we might call directors, included the responsibility of carrying out the tasks and missions assigned to them by the Fuehrer or by the Chief of the Party Chancellery, the defendant Martin Bormann. The Reichsleiter were further charged with insuring that

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Party policies were being executed in all the subordinate areas of the Reich. They were also responsible for insuring a continual flow of new leadership into the Party. With respect to the function and the responsibilities of the Reichsleiter I now quote from Page 20 of Document 1893-PS:--
"The N.S.D.A.P. represents the political conception, the political conscience and the political will of the German nation. Political conception, political conscience and political will are embodied in the person of the Fuehrer. Based on his directive and in accordance with the programme of the N.S.D.A.P., the organs of the Reich Directorate directionally determine the political aims of the German people. It is in the Reich Directorate -- or Reichsleitung -- that the arteries of the organisation of the German people and State merge. It is the task of the separate organs of the Reich Directorate to maintain as close a contact as possible with the life of the nation through their sub- offices in the Gau...

The structure of the Reich Directorate is such that the channel from the lowest Party office upwards shows the most minute weaknesses and changes in the mood of the people....

Another essential task of the Reich Directorate is to assure a good selection of leaders. It is the duty of the Reich Directorate to see that there is leadership in all phases of life, a leadership which is firmly tied to National Socialist ideology and which promotes its dissemination with all of its energy....

It is the supreme task of the Reich Organisation Leader to preserve the Party as a well-sharpened sword for the Fuehrer."

The domination of the German Government by the top members of the Leadership Corps was facilitated by a circular decree of the Reich Minister of Justice, dated 17th February, 1934, which established equal rank for the offices within the Reichsleitung of the Leadership Corps and the Reich offices of the German Government. In this decree it was expressly provided that "The supreme offices of the Reich Party Directorate are equal in rank to the supreme Reich Government authorities". The Party Manual termed the control exercised over the machinery of the Government by the Leadership Corps "the permeation of the State apparatus with the political will of the Party".

At a later stage in this proceeding it will be shown that the Leadership Corps of the Nazi Party incontestably dominated the German State and Government. The control by the Leadership Corps of the German Government was facilitated by uniting in the same Nazi chieftains high offices within the Reichsleitung and the corresponding offices within the apparatus of the government. For example, as shown in Document 2903-PS, Goebbels was Reichsleiter in charge of Party propaganda, but he was also a cabinet minister in charge of propaganda and public enlightenment.

Himmler held office within the Reichsleitung as head of the Main Office for Folkdom, and also was Reichsfuehrer of the S.S. At the same time, Himmler held the governmental position of the Reich Commissioner for the Consolidation of Germandom, and was the governmental head of the German police system.

As will be shown, this personal union of high office in the Leadership Corps and high governmental position in the same Nazi Leaders greatly

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accommodated the plan of the Leadership Corps to dominate and control the German State and Government.

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