The Nizkor Project: Remembering the Holocaust (Shoah)

Hate-Motivated Violence

Bibliography (1 of 2)


Abrarnovsky, A. (1992). "Bias Crime: A Call for Alternative Responses". Fordham Urban Law Journal, 19, p. 875.

Adachi, Ken. (1991). The Enemy That Never Was: A History of the Japanese Canadians. Toronto: McClelland & Stewart.

Alpert, G. P., Smith, W. C., and Watters, D. (1992). "Law Enforcement: Implications of the Rodney King Beating". Criminal Law Bulletin, 28, p. 469.

Amar, A. R. (1992). "The Case of the Missing Amendments: R.A. V v. City of St. Paul." Harvard Law Review, 106, p. 124.

Arnerican Civil Liberties Union. (April, 1993). Policy # 238a "Double Jeopardy". New York.

The American Series of Foreign Penal Codes, 28. (1987). The Penal Code of the Federal Republic of Germany. London: Sweet & Maxwell.

Annotation, "Criminal Liability, Under 18 USC 241, 242, for Depriving, or Conspiring to Deprive, A Person of His Civil Rights -- Supreme Court Cases". 20 L Ed 2d, p. 1454.

Anti-Defamation League of B'nai Brith. (1992). ADL Law Report, Hate Crimes Statutes: A 1991 Status Report. New York: Anti-Defamation League.

Anti-Defamation League and The United States Conference on Mayors. (1992). Addressing Racial and Ethnic Tensions: Combatting Hate Crimes in America's Cities New York: Anti- Defamation League.

Attorney General's Commission on Racial, Ethnic, Religious, and Minority Violence. Final Report. (1990). Sacramento, California: Office of the Attorney General, Public Inquiry Unit.

Barrett, Stanley R. (1987). Is God a Racist? The Right Wing in Canada. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

Bayefsky, Anne F. (1992). International Human Rights Law: Use in Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms Litigation. Markharn, Ont.: Butterworths.

Berg, J. R. (1991). "State Legislators Battle Bigotry: Is the Ethnic Intimidation Law a Constitutionally Infirm and Ineffectual Weapon?". Capital University Law Review, 20, p. 971.

Berrill, K. T. (September, 1990). "Anti-Gay Violence and Victimization in the United States: An Overview". Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 5, No. 3, p. 274.

Birkenmeier, W. (November 6, 1992). "Lots of skinheads, but not a Fhrer in sight". The [Hamburgf] German Tribune, p. 17.

Bischoff, J. (August 28, 1992). "Security agency report takes stock of neo-Nazi activity". The [Hamburg] German Tribune, pp. 4-5.

Bolaria B. Singh and Li, Peter S. (Enl. 2nd Ed.). (1988). Racial Oppression in Canada. Toronto: Garamond Press.

Bottos, D. (1988-1989). "Keegstra and Andrews: A Commentary on Hate Propaganda and the Freedom of Expression". Alberta Law Review, 27, p. 461.

Bottos, D. (1987-1988). "Multiculturalism: Section 27's Application in Charter Cases Thus Far". Alberta Law Review, 26, p. 621.

Bowes, A., McCluskey, J. and Sim, D. F. (January, 1990). "Racism and Harassment of Asians in Glasgow". Ethnic and Racial Studies, 13, No. 1, p. 71.

Bowling, B. and Saulsbury, W. (1992). "A Multi-agency Approach to Racial Harassment". Research Bulletin/Home Office Research and Statistics Department, 32, p. 34.

Bradley, A. W. (1992). "Free Expression and Acts of Racial Hatred". Public Law, p. 357. Brownmiller, Susan. (1976). Against Our Will. New York: Bantam Books.

Busche, J. (December 4, 1992). "Clampdown on neo-Nazis follows deaths in fire-bomb attack". The [Hamburg] German Tribune, pp. 1-2.

California State Assembly. (1992). To Rebuild is Not Enough: Final Report and Recommendations of the Assembly Special Committee on the Los Angeles Crisis. Sacramento, California: Assembly Publications Office.

Canada. (1993). Report of the Sub-Committee on the Recodification of the General Part of the Criminal Code of the Standing Committee on Justice and the Solicitor General. First Principles: Recodifying the General Part of the Criminal Code of Canada. Ottawa: Queen's Printer.

Canada. (1984). Response of the Government of Canada to Equality Now! Ottawa: Minister of Supply and Services Canada.

Canada, Department of Justice Canada. (1992). National Symposium on Women, Law and the Administration of Justice. 1991: Vancouver, B.C., vol. 2, Recommendations from the Symposium. Ottawa: Minister of Supply and Services Canada.

Canada, House of Commons. (1984). Report of the Special Committee on Visible Minorities in Canadian Society. Equality Now! Ottawa. Chair: B. Daudlin.

Canada, House of Commons. (1991). Report of the Standing Committee on Health and Welfare, Social Affairs, Seniors and the Status of Women, Sub-Committee on the Status of Women. The War Against Women. Ottawa: Queen's Printer.

Canada, Multiculturalism and Citizenship Canada. (1992). International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination. Eleventh Report of Canada, covering the period January 1990 to December 1991. Ottawa: Minister of Supply and Services Canada.

Canada, Solicitor General Canada. (1990). Directions for Reform: A Framework for Sentencing, Corrections and Conditional Release. Minister of Supply and Services Canada. Canada, Statistics Canada. (1992). Census 91, Immigration and Citizenship: the Nation. Ottawa: Statistics Canada.

Canadian Bar Association. (1984). Report of the Special Committee on Racial and Religious Hatred. Winnipeg: Canadian Bar Association.

Canadian Human Rights Foundation. (1987). Multiculturalism and the Charter, A Legal Perspective. Carswell: Toronto.

The Canadian Sentencing Commission. (1987). Sentencing Reform: A Canadian Approach. Ottawa: Minister of Supply and Services Canada.

Card, Richard. (1987). Public Order: The New Law. London: Butterworths.

Clark, Lorenne, and Lewis, Debra. (1977). Rape: The Price of Coercive Sexuality. Toronto: The Women's Press.

Cohen, Tannis. (1988). Race Relations and the Law. Canadian Jewish Congress.

Czajkoski, E. H. (September, 1992). "Criminalizing Hate: An Empirical Assessment". Federal Probation, 56, No. 3, p. 36.

"The Daily". (Tuesday, December 8, 1992). Statistics Canada.

DeBenedictis, D. (July, 1992). "Cop's Second Trial in L.A.: Judge who sent King beating trial to Simi valley denies venue change". ABA Journal, p. 16.

Delbet„nkande av utredningen f”r atg„rder mot etnisk diskriminering, Organiserad rasism: EDU:s delbet„nkande om atg„rder mot rasistiska organisationer Stockholm: SOU, 1991:75, English summary. pp. 19-28.

DiManno, R. (Wednesday, June 16, 1993). "The quiet dignity of a Tamil beaten by racists". The Toronto Star, p. A7.

Dyzenhaus, D. (1991). "Regulating Free Speech". Ottawa Law Review, 23, p. 289.

Economic Council of Canada. (1991). Economic and Social Impacts of Immigration. Ottawa: Minister of Supply and Services Canada.

Editorial. (October 12, 1992). "Crime and Punishment". The New Republic, p. 7.

"Europe: Variations on a Theme of Racism". (January-March 1991). Race & Class, 32, No. 3.

Fernandez, J. M. (1991). "Bringing Hate Crime into Focus_The Hate Crime Statistics Act of 1990 Pub. L. No. 101 - 275". Harvard Civil Rights - Civil Liberties Law Review, 26, p. 261.

Firm, P. (Summer, 1988). "Bias Crime: Difficult to Define, Difficult to Prosecute". Criminal Justice, 3, No. 2, p. 19.

Fish, A. (1989). "Hate Promotion and Freedom of Expression: Truth and Consequences". The Canadian Journal of Law and Jurisprudence, 2, p. 111.

Fisher, W. T. (1965-1966). "Double Jeopardy and Federalism". Minnesota Law Review, 50, p. 607.

Fleischauer, M. L. (1990). "Teeth for a Paper Tiger: A Proposal to Add Enforceability to Florida's Hate Crimes Act". Florida State University Law Review, 17, p. 697.

Fuhr, E. (December 4, 1992). "Girls' deaths in fire-bomb attack mark a new stage in far-right violence". The [Hamburg] German Tribune, p. 5.

Gellman, S. (1991). "Sticks and Stones Can Put You in Jail, But Can Words Increase Your Sentence? Constitutional and Policy Dilemmas of Ethnic Intimidation Laws". UCLA Law Review, 39, p. 333.

Gerstenfeld, P. B. (1992). "Smile When you Call me That!: The Problem With Punishing Hate Motivated Behavior". Behaviorial Sciences and the Law, 10, p. 259.

Gleberzon, William. Ethnicity and Violence: Racial Conflict in Vancouver (Unpublished, undated, on file at the Human Rights Library, Fauteux Hall, University of Ottawa).

Goldberg, D. (October, 1992). "The Semantics of Race". Ethnic and Racial Studies, 15, No. 4, p. 543.

Goldberg, M. Z. (February, 1992). "Statutes Combat Hate Crimes in 46 States, ADL Reports". Trial. 28, p. 88.

Goldberg, S. B. (July, 1992). "Federal lawsuits for Rodney King raise new issues". ABA Journal, p. 76.

Goleman, D. (Tuesday, May 29, 1990). "As Bias Crimes Seem to Rise, Scientists Study Roots of Racism". The New York Times, pp. C1, C5.

Gordon, P. (April, 1992). "Racial Incidents in Britain 1988- 90: A Survey". The Runnymede Bulletin, No. 254. London: Runnymede Trust.

Gordon, Paul. (2nd Ed.). (1990). Racial Violence and Harassment. London: Runnymede Trust.

Gordon, P. (September, 1992). "Racial Violence and Racist Terrorism" The Runnymede Bulletin, No. 258. London: Runnymede Trust.

Grannis, E. J. (1993). "Fighting Words and Fighting Freestyle: The Constitutionality of Penalty Enhancement for Bias Crimes". Columbia Law Review, 93, p. 178.

Greenhouse, L. (Tuesday, December 15, 1992). "High Court to Rule on Tough Penalties in Hate-Crime Laws". The New York Times, pp. A1, B14.

The Guardian. (Friday, January 17, 1992). "Baker rules out race attack law". p. 6.

The Guide to American Law Supplement 1992. St. Paul, MN: West, 1992.

The Guide to American Law Supplement 1993. St. Paul, MN: West, 1993.

Handler, V. L. (1992). "Legislating Social Tolerance: Hate Crimes and the First Amendment". Hamline Journal of Public Law and Policy, p. 137.

Harris, Geoffrey. (1990). The Dark Side of Europe: The Extreme Right Today. Savage. Maryland: Barnes & Noble.

Harvard Law Review. (1988). "Combatting Racial Violence: A Legislative Proposal". 101, p. 1270. (1993};"Hate Is Not Speech: A Defense of Penalty Enhancement for Hate Crimes". 106, p. 1314. (1993). "Out of the Frying Pan or Into the Fire? Race and Choice of Venue after Rodney King". 106, p. 705.

Recent Cases. (1993) "First Amendment -- Bias-Motivated Crimes -- Court Strikes Down Hate Crimes Penalty Enhancer Statute -- State v. Mitchell, 485 N.W.2d 807 (Wis. 1992), cert. granted, 61 U.S.L.W. 3435 (Dec. 14, 1992) (No. 92- 515)." 106, p. 957.

Hauck, J. (September 11, 1992). "Extreme right terror threat underestimated". The [Hamburg] German Tribune, p. 3.

Hernandez, T. K. (1990). "Bias Crimes: Unconscious Racism in the Prosecution of -'Racially Motivated Violence"'. Yale Law Journal, 99, p. 845.

Herszberg, B. (Decembre 1992). "Quescexa, les 'origines raciales'? Propos sur la legislation antiraciste: le ver est dans le fruit". il ots/Les langages du politique, 33, p. 261.

Home Office. (1981). Racial Attacks: A Report of a Home Office Study. Cited in Report of the Inter-Departmental Racial Attacks Group. The Response to Racial Attacks and Harassment: Guidance for the Statutory Agencies. London: Home Office, 1989. p. 75.

The Howard Journal of Criminal Justice. (August, 1992). "Police". 31, No. 3, pp. 241-242. Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission. (1991). Report of the National Inquiry into Racist Violence in Australia. Racist Violence. Canberra: Australian Government Publishing Service.

Institute of Jewish Affairs in Association with the World Jewish Congress. (1992). Antisemitism: World Report 1992. London: Institute of Jewish Affairs.

Institute For International Affairs of B'nai Brith Canada. (1993). A Special Report of the B'nai Brith Canada Investigative Mission to Germany. Downsview, Ont.: B'nai Brith Canada.

Inter-Departmental Racial Attacks Group. (1989). The Response to Racial Attacks and Harassment: Guidance for the Statutory Agencies. London: Home Office.

Inter-Departmental Racial Attacks Group. (1991). The Second Report. The Response to Racial Attacks: Sustaining the Momentum. London: Home Office.

Jacobs, J. B. and Eisler, B. (1993). "The Hate Crime Statistics Act of 1990". Criminal Law Bulletin, 29, p. 99.

Jet. (October 5, 1992). "King Nixes 1.75 Mil. Offer in L.A. Brutality Case". p. 28.

Jones, C. H. (1986). "An Argument For Federal Protection Against Racially Motivated Crimes: 18 U.S.C. 241 and the Thirteenth Amendment". Harvard Civil Rights-Civil Liberties Law Review, 21, p. 689.

Kallen. E. (1991). "Never Again: Target Group Responses to the Debate Concerning Anti Hate Propaganda Legislation." The Windsor Yearbook of Access to Justice, 11, p. 46.

Kinzer, S. (Sunday, November 29, 1992). "Germany Creating Police Unit Aimed at Rightist Groups". The New York Times, pp. 1-12.

Kinzer, S. (Thursday, March 4, 1993). "Germans Sentence Anti- Foreigner to 21/2 Years". The New York Times, p. A15.

Kinzer, S. (Sunday, December 27, 1992). "Police Under Fire in German Unrest". The New York Times, p. 18.

Kinzer, S. (Tuesday, November 24, 1992). "3 Turks Killed; Germans Blame a Neo-Nazi Plot". The New York Times, pp. A1, A7.

Koch, M. (October 9, 1992). "Ministers meet to try and stop the violence". The [Hamburg] German Tribune, p. 3.

The Law Reform Commission. (1992). Multiculturalism and the Law. Report No. 57. Sydney, Australia: The Law Reform Commission.

Law Reform Commission of Canada. (1991). Aboriginal Peoples and Criminal Justice. Report 34. Ottawa: Law Reform Commission of Canada.

Law Reform Commission of Canada. (1989). Crimes Against the Foetus. Working Paper 58. Ottawa: Law Reform Commission of Canada.

Law Reform Commission of Canada. (1984). Defamatory Libel. Working Paper 35. Ottawa: Ministry of Supply and Services Canada.

The original plaintext version of this file is available via ftp.

[ Index | Next ]

Home ·  Site Map ·  What's New? ·  Search Nizkor

© The Nizkor Project, 1991-2012

This site is intended for educational purposes to teach about the Holocaust and to combat hatred. Any statements or excerpts found on this site are for educational purposes only.

As part of these educational purposes, Nizkor may include on this website materials, such as excerpts from the writings of racists and antisemites. Far from approving these writings, Nizkor condemns them and provides them so that its readers can learn the nature and extent of hate and antisemitic discourse. Nizkor urges the readers of these pages to condemn racist and hate speech in all of its forms and manifestations.